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On This Day - 8th April Prev / Next

Monday April 8 1861
  • Federal re-inforcements for Fort Pickens, FL, sail from New York Harbor, NY, aboard the Federal cutter, Harriet Lane.
Tuesday April 8 1862
  • James Gillpatrick Blunt, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
  • Robert Byington Mitchell, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
  • Skirmish near Arcata, CA.
  • Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan, CSA, is assigned to the command of the Dept. of Middle and Eastern Florida.
  • Skirmish near Corinth, MS.
  • Skirmish at Medicine Creek, MO, Brig Gen Ben Loan, MO Militia.
  • Federal scout through Gadfly, Newtonia, Granby, Neosho, and Valley of the Indian Creek, MO, and Skirmishes.
  • Skirmish near Warrensburg, MO.
  • Skirmish near Warsaw, MO.
  • Skirmish at Albuquerque, the New Mexico Territory, as Col. Edward R. S. Canby, 19th US Infantry, commanding the Dept. of New Mexico, forces Brig. Gen. Henry H. Sibley, CSA, to retreat southward along the Rio Grande River.
  • Martial law is declared in East Tennessee.
  • The Confederate Garrison at Island No. 10, is surrendered at Tiptonville, TN, to Maj. Gen. John Pope, USA.
  • Federal reconnaissance from the Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing, TN, battlefield, by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, as Gen. Pierre G. T. Beaurgeard, CSA, retreats toward Corinth, MS.
Wednesday April 8 1863
  • Skirmish at St. Francis County, AR.
  • Skirmish at James' Plantation, near New Carthage, LA, with Confederate forces deflecting Maj. Gen. John McClernand, USA.
  • Skirmish on the Millwood Road, near Winchester, VA.
  • President Lincoln reviews Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's army across the Rappahannock River from Fredericksburg, VA.
Friday April 8 1864
  • Richard Taylor. C.S.A. is appointed Lieut. Gen.
  • Camille Armand Jules Marie Prince de Polignac, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
  • Skirmish at Paint Rock Bridge, near Larkinsville, AL.
  • Federal expedition from Denver, the Colorado Territory, to the Republican River, KS, 200 miles east of Denver. The Federals pursue a band of Cheyenne Indians purported to have stolen some cattle, burning their village, including their stores of beef and buffalo meat, cooking utensils, etc. (Apr 8-23)
  • The Engagement at Sabine Cross-Roads, or the Battle of Mansfield, or Pleasant Grove, LA,, the Red River (LA) Campaign.
  • Brig. Gen. Jean Jaques Alfred Alexander Mouton, CSA, is mortally wounded at the opening battle of the Red River Campaign, Sabine Crossroads, near Mansfield, LA, while leading his men in a charge against the Federal troops, as Lieut. Gen. Richard Taylor, CSA, contests Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks', USA, advance on Shreveport, LA; Banks withdrawing to Pleasant Hill, LA.
  • Skirmish at Bayou De Paul (Carroll's Mill), near Pleasant Hill, LA.
  • Confederate demonstration on James Island, Charleston Harbor, SC, and vicinity.
  • Skirmish at Winchester, VA, with Federal cavalry.
Saturday April 8 1865
  • Brig. Gen. George B. Wagner, USA, assumes the command of the Saint Louis, MO, Bistrict.
  • Federal pursuit of guerrillas in Northeast Missouri, where 3 notorious guerrillas were captured and brought back to Macon City to face trial. (Apr 8-10)
  • Action at Martinsville, NC.
  • The Engagement at Appomattox Station, VA, as Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, USA, continued to press Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, while Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, USA, and his cavalry capture the Confederate supply trains at Appomattox Station. Lee now faced the following:
    • Behind Lee: Maj. Gen. George G. Meade and the 2nd US Army Corps - Maj. Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys, USA, Commanding and the 6th US Army Corps - Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright, USA, Commanding
    • To Lee's Left: Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's Cavalry 5th US Army Corps - Maj. Gen. Charles Griffin, USA, Commanding.
    • In Lee's front towards Lynchburg - Maj. Gen. E.O.C. Ord, USA, and the US Army of the James.
  • Federal scout from Fairfax Court-House into Loudoun County, VA, in search of Lieut. Col. Gen. John S. Mosby, CSA and his Virginia Battalion. (Apr 8-10)
  • Federal scout from Vienna into Loudoun County, VA, in search of Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby's Virginia Partisan Rangers. (Apr 8-10)

On This Day information kindly provided by Martin Cross, 2nd U.S. Artillery, Bty B.