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On This Day - 18th March Prev / Next

Monday March 18 1861
  • The Arkansas State Convention held at Little Rock, AR, votes against seceding, 39-35, but agrees to another vote later in the year.
  • Lieut. Adam Jacoby Slemmer, USA, who is commanding at Fort Pickens, FL, returns 4 fugitive slaves to their masters.
  • The Governor of Texas, Sam Houston, quietly leaves office rather than swear allegiance to the Confederacy.
  • The affair with Indians on the Columbia River, near the Kootenay River, the Washington Territory.
Tuesday March 18 1862
  • Dabney Herndon Maury, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
  • Ambrose Everett Burnside, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
  • Skirmish at Spring River, or Salem, AR.
  • Confederate troops under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnson, CSA, begin arriving at Corinth, MS, from Murfreesboro, TN.
  • Federal operations in Johnson, Saint Clair, and Henry Counties, MO, including skirmish near Leesville, MO, by Brig. Gen. James Totten, USA. (Mar 19). (Mar 18-30)
  • Engagement at Point Pleasant, MO.
  • Skirmish at Middletown, VA.
  • President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin as Secretary of State. Benjamin is currently acting as the Confederate Secretary of War, who will be replaced by George W. Randolph, Richmond, VA.
Wednesday March 18 1863
  • Lieut. Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes, CSA, assumes command of the Confederate District of Arkansas.
Friday March 18 1864
  • Skirmish at Monticello, AR.
  • Affair on Spring Creek, AR.
  • Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, officially assumes the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, as Sherman and Grant plot military strategy at Cincinnati, OH.
  • Federal scout from Island No. 10, TN, aboard the steamer, John Rowe, to New Madrid, MO. The party included Company C, 7th Louisiana Infantry of African descent, with no encounters.
  • Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet, CSA, resumes the command of the Dept. of East Tennessee.
Saturday March 18 1865
  • Thomas James Churchill, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
  • John Sappington Marmaduke, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
  • Richard Waterhouse, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
  • Charles Ewing, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
  • Federal expedition from Dauphin Island to Fowl River Narrows, AL, and skirmishes, the Mobile, AL, Campaign. (Mar 18-22)
  • Federal expedition from Fort Gibson to the following in the Indian Territory:
    • Deep Fork, 50 miles from Fort Gibson
    • We-wo-ka, 85 miles southwest of Fort Gibson
    • Little River Town, 25 miles southwest of We-wo-ka
    • Hillabee, 20 miles east of We-wo-ka
    • Canadian River, 20 miles southeast of We-wo-ka, with no encounters with the enemy. The Yankees report there are no longer any citizens living in this part of the Territory.
      (Mar 18-30)
  • Skirmish at the Amite River, LA.
  • Col. John G. Fonda, 118th Illinois Infantry, is assigned to the temporary command of the District of Baton Rouge, LA.
  • Brig. Gen. Joseph L. Brent, CSA, assumes the command of the Cavalry Forces, of the Front Lines, of the District of West Louisiana.
  • Skirmish near Benton's Cross-Roads, NC, as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate Army of 20,000 faces the total combined army of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, of 100,000. Johnston decides to attack the Union column of 30,000 under Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum, USA, with Lieut. Gen. Wade Hampton's, CSA, Cavalry attacking Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick and his Union Cavalry.
  • Skirmish at Bushy Swamp, NC.
  • Skirmish at Mingo Creek, NC.
  • Maj. Gen. Jacob D. Cox, USA, is relieved from the command of the District of Beaufort, SC, and is assigned to command the Provisional Corps, SC.
  • Skirmish at Livingston, TN.
  • Skirmish near Dranesville, VA, as the Federal Cavalry patrol confronts and routs a party of Rebel Cavalry, inflicting casualties.

On This Day information kindly provided by Martin Cross, 2nd U.S. Artillery, Bty B.