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Thursday May 30 1861
- Albert Sidney Johnston, CSA. is appointed full Confederate General.
- The occupation of Grafton, WV, by the Union troops, led by Col. Benjamin F. Kelley, USA, under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, USA, to protect the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Washington's link to the western states and territories. (May 26-30)
- Honorable Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, directs Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, USA, not to surrender any fugitive slaves to disloyal owners; Maj. Gen Butler is stationed at Fortress Monroe, VA.
- Across Hampton Roads from Newport News, VA, the Confederates raise the scuttled USS Merrimack, after it was burned to the water level, by the evacuating Federals, Apr 20, at the Gosport Naval Yard Dry-dock, Norfolk, VA.
Friday May 30 1862
- The Capture of Booneville, MS.
- Corinth, MS, is evacuated by the Confederates and occupied by Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, USA, as Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, CSA, retreats toward Tupelo, MS.
- The Federal destruction of the Cypress Creek and Tuscumbia Bridges, near Booneville, MS.
- Skirmish at Tranter's Creek, near Washington, NC, with Capt. George F. Jocknick, 3rd NY Cavalry.
- Martial law is declared in Texas.
- Skirmish near Fair Oaks, VA.
- Action at Front Royal, VA, as Brig. Gen. James Shields, USA, occupies the town.
- Skirmish near Zuni, VA.
- Skirmish at Lewisburg, WV.
- Federal raid to Shaver's River, WV, against guerrillas.
Saturday May 30 1863
- Cavalry skirmish at Jordan's Store, TN.
- Affair at Point Isabel, TX, where the Union frigate, Brooklyn, transports troops against Confederates who burn the schooner, Eager.
- Skirmish near Greenwich, VA, as Capt. John Singleton Mosby, CSA, attacks and burn the railroad train for Bealeton.
- The Confederate Army of Northern Virginia is reorganized into three army corps, under the command of the following:
- 1st Army Corps - Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet, CSA
- 2nd Army Corps - Lieut. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, CSA
- 3rd Army Corps - Lieut. Gen. Ambrose P. Hill, CSA
- Cavalry Corps - Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown Stuart, CSA
Ewell and Hill commanding the forces previously commanded by the late Lieut. Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson, CSA.
Monday May 30 1864
- Brig. Gen. James Barbour Terrill, CSA, is mortally wounded during the Battle of Bethesda Church, VA, part of the overall Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court-House, VA.
- Brig. Gen. John Morgan's, CSA, Confederate Cavalry raid into Kentucky, on Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's, USA, supply lines. (May 30-Jun 20)
- Federal expedition from Morganza to the Atchafalaya, LA, and skirmishes near Livonia and Morganza. (May 30-Jun 5)
- Skirmishes on Mill and Honey Creeks, MO, where the Federals confront and kill two bushwackers who had just spent the day robbing some Union families. (May 30-31)
- Skirmish at Greeneville, TN.
- Skirmish at Ashland and Hanover, VA, as Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, arrives along the Totopotomoy River, almost within 10 miles of Richmond, VA, but blocking the way is the Army of Northern Virginia, north of the Chickahominy River.
- Skirmish at Old Church, VA.
- Brig. Gen. George Crook's, USA, Command sets out from Meadow Bluff, WV, for the Lynchburg, VA, vicinity, in cooperation with Maj. Gen. David Hunter's, USA, advance from Strasburg and Cedar Creek toward Lynchburg, VA.
Tuesday May 30 1865
- The 4th US Army Corps is ordered from the Dept. of the Cumberland to the Military Division of the Southwest, TN.
On This Day information kindly provided by Martin Cross, 2nd U.S. Artillery, Bty B.
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