Saturday January 19 1861
- The ordinance of secession is adopted at Milledgeville, by Georgia by the overwhelming vote of 208-89, the 5th state to secede.
Sunday January 19 1862
- The Engagement at Logan's Cross-Roads, or Beech Grove, (Battle) on Fishing Creek, near Mill Springs, KY, sees Brig. Gen. George H. Thomas, USA, whipping Brig. Gens. Felix Zollicoffer and George B. Crittenden, CSA, forcing a CSA retreat across the Cumberland River, the Confederate defensive line in Kentucky suffers irreparable damage.
- Brig. Gen. Felix Kirk Zollicoffer, CSA, is mortally wounded, dying instantly from a Federal Regiment Volley that he was not aware of, at the engagement near Mill Springs, KY.
Monday January 19 1863
- Skirmish near Woodbury, TN.
- Federal scout from Williamsburg and skirmish at Burnt Ordinary, VA, with a small party of Confederate pickets.
- Maj. Gen Ambrose E. Burnside, USA, prepares to move two Grand Divisions of the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gens. Joseph Hooker and William B. Franklin, USA, across the Rappahannock River at U.S. Ford, about 10 miles above Fredericksburg, VA.
- Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz, USA, is assigned to the command of the 11 th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac.
Tuesday January 19 1864
- Skirmish at Branchville, AR, the site of a Confederate camp.
- Skirmish at Big Springs, near Tazewell, East TN, where a party of Confederates surprise and capture about 40 men. The Federal captain in charge escapes and is arrested by his Colonel for derelict of duty.
- Federal scouts from Williamsburg, VA, through Barhamsville, Twelve Mile Ordinary, New Kent Court-House, etc, and going as far as Bottom's Bridge before returning from their search for Confederates. In talking to an old man who just returned from Richmond, the Federals learned that Richmond was aware of their moves and had laid out an ambush for them. (Jan 19-24)
Thursday January 19 1865
- Federal scout from Donaldsonville, LA. (Jan 19-20)
- Skirmish at Corinth, MS.
- Federal reconnaissance to Myrtle Sound and skirmish at the Half Moon Battery, NC, with assistance from the gunboat, USS Buckingham.
- Federal expedition from Memphis, TN, to Marion, AR, with skirmishes with bushwackers (Jan 20 & 21) at and near Marion. (Jan 19-22)
- Bowing to political pressure from the Confederate Congress, President Jefferson Davis will appoint and Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, will grudgingly accept, the position of Commander of all the Confederate forces in the field.
On This Day information kindly provided by Martin Cross, 2nd U.S. Artillery, Bty B.